|Other employee benefits||924||779||259||274||1,183||1,053|
|Technical reserves (insurance)||374||398||179||190||553||588|
|Other employee benefits||Restructuring provisions||Technical reserves (insurance)||Postage stamps||Miscellaneous provisions||Total|
|As at 1 January 2011||1,183||1,148||553||450||1,365||4,699|
|Changes in consolidated group||0||0||–1||0||4||3|
|Currency translation differences||8||20||5||0||10||43|
|Unwinding of discount||21||17||8||0||11||57|
|As at 31 December 2011||1,053||931||588||450||1,286||4,308|
The provision for other employee benefits primarily covers workforce reduction expenses (severance payments, transitional benefits, partial retirement etc.).
The restructuring provisions comprise all expenses resulting from the restructuring measures within the US express business as well as in other areas of the Group. These measures relate primarily to termination benefit obligations to employees (partial retirement programmes, transitional benefits) and expenses from the closure of terminals, for example.
Technical reserves (insurance) mainly consist of outstanding loss reserves and IBNR reserves; further details can be found in Note 7.
The provision for postage stamps covers outstanding obligations to customers for letter and parcel deliveries from postage stamps sold but still unused by customers, and is based on studies by market research companies. It is measured at the nominal value of the stamps issued.